EYFS Curriculum


The Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum is a practical approach to learning, where children develop their knowledge, skills, confidence and independence through well planned play and adult supported activities within indoor and outdoor learning areas. Children learn through their interests and fascinations and staff use their interests to encourage exciting learning.

There are seven Areas of Learning in the Early Years Curriculum:

Prime Areas

Communication and Language

Physical Development

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

Specific Areas



Understanding the World

Expressive Arts and Design


This does not mean that all of the children’s learning is divided up into areas. In one activity they can be developing knowledge, understanding and new skills across several areas of learning at once. For example, in making and playing with play-dough they may go to the shop to buy ingredients (Understanding the World), look at a recipe and talk about the instructions (Communication and Language and Literacy), count out spoonsful of flour (Mathematics), mix and roll out dough (Physical Development), and then use their imagination to make snakes, animals, cakes etc. (Creative Development).


There are many ways that you can help your child at home. 

Communication and Language development involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves; and to speak and listen in a range of situations.

You can help by allowing your child to talk about everything and anything and encouraging them to listen to you and others. Singing nursery rhymes and songs encourages confidence.  

Physical Development involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive; and to develop their co-ordination, control, and movement.  Children must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity and to make healthy choices in relation to food.

Parents and carers can help by giving children time to run, jump, climb and play outdoors and also by encouraging children in activities such as building, drawing, threading beads, or filling and emptying containers in the bath - all of which develop manipulative skills.

Personal, Social and Emotional Development involves helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others; to form positive relationships and develop respect for others; to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in groups; and to have confidence in their own abilities.

You can help by encouraging your child to use the toilet independently, wash their hands, put on and fasten their coats. Playing games which encourage sharing and turn taking will help your child to build their social skills. Allowing children to talk about their actions or feeling will encourage emotional development.

Specific Areas

Literacy development involves encouraging children to link sounds and letters and to begin to read and write. Children must be given access to a wide range of reading materials (books, poems and other written materials) to ignite their interest.

You can help by reading stories, encouraging your child to join in and talk about books, singing songs and nursery rhymes, taking time to listen to them talking about things they’ve done and answering their questions.

When your child starts school they will bring home a reading book and sounds to learn at home. Daily reading and sound practise will help your child with their reading and writing skills.


Mathematics involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems; to describe shapes, spaces and measures.

When your child starts school they will bring home number flashcards to help recognise their numbers.

Parents and carers can help by talking about the shapes around in the environment, comparing things which are heavy and light or long and short, pointing out numbers at home and in the environment, singing counting songs and rhymes, counting anything and everything - socks, cars, stairs and toys.


Understanding the World involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.

You can help by talking to your child about the places they go and things they see in the world around them or on television, answering and asking questions - what if…? why do you think…? how did you…?, letting children join in with everyday activities - washing up, cooking, shopping, helping in the garden...


Expressive Arts and Design involves enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play and design and technology.

You can help by talking to your child about their imaginative play and joining in if possible, encouraging them to be flexible in their thinking and use of materials and praising them for their efforts or ideas as well as the end product.

Children in Reception work towards the Early Learning Goals.

A booklet giving more information regarding the Early Learning Goals is included in the New Entrants Information Pack

Files to Download

Contact the School

Mossgate Primary school

Kingsway, Heysham
Morecambe, Lancashire LA3 2EE

Main Contact: Ms. A C Lawler

Tel: 01524 850 736